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By George Karafantis and Chris Taylor, Assistant Coach and Offensive Coordinator, Saint Anthony’s High School (NY)

RPOs and RPCs provide the offense with more weapons in their arsenal. But in order to truly succeed in the Quads package out of empty the guy running the offense, the QB, must be dynamic.

By George Karafantis and Chris Taylor
Assistant Coach and Offensive Coordinator
Saint Anthony’s High School (NY)
Twitter: @greek42e @coachtaylorc4



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The best offensive coordinators always seem to have the answers to any defensive scheme or adjustments that they see. If those same OC’s possess individually great athletes and players, they can create matchup nightmares that are virtually unstoppable. 

At St. Anthony’s HS we have been blessed with some great athletes and players in the past. The best and most versatile way, in our opinion, to create mismatches with these players is by using and operating out of a spread offensive system. Our pre-snap run pass combinations or post-snap run-pass options, from the spread, allow for multiplicity but simplicity (to borrow Gary Patterson's defensive terminology) in play calling. It allows us to eliminate confusion up front by simplifying run schemes and simultaneously eliminating pass protection confusion. The spread allows for greater versatility in pass game concepts that traditional misdirection offenses do not. They offer the ability to stress defenses on the first, second, and third levels as well as from sideline to sideline all while utilizing one play call. You can attack through the air like Mike Leach’s Air Raid or on the ground in a power spread like Gus Malzahn’s power spread. Simple personnel changes and formation adjustments can help to further provide offensive advantages while limiting defensive looks.

One of the ways we simplify the looks that we get from the defense is by using TE Empty formations, especially when facing odd fronts. This article will focus on some of our answers to an odd defense which is through 11 and 12 personnel Quads formations.


Quads from 11 (or 12) Personnel

This season we found that you can dictate to the defense the one look you want to see or at least one of a couple of looks that you will see. You must be multiple in offensive formations and incorporate a TE. THERE IS A FINE LINE WITH BEING MULTIPLE in looks and keeping it simple. We will share one of our simple install methods to implement an 11 (or 12) personnel quads look to your spread.

What we discovered this past season was that if we lined up in a somewhat non-conventional formational grouping the defense would be forced to give one standard front/ coverage, most times. That simplified and made it easy to install, block and execute against. We gained this advantage by using the 11 and 12 personnel quads formations. This is especially useful against odd fronts. Because of increased popularity and our utilization of RPO's into our offense, we very often see odd-front defenses. More on our RPO's and RPC's in the upcoming paragraphs. 

Diagrams 1 and 2 show our basic 11 and 12 personnel Quads formations.

Diagram 1

Diagram 2


We believed that by giving the defense a somewhat unconventional formation, while using a versatile TE (or 2), we would likely see a standard defensive alignment. Any defensive coordinator that has time to prepare for this package will be able to align to it, however, we hoped that they would spend an excessive amount of time on it while we ran our base run/pass and RPO concepts from it.

In diagram 2 the defense is forced to fit 8 gaps in the run game while still having to account for the 5 eligible receivers. (2 A Gaps, 2 B Gaps, 2 C gaps and the 2 outside D’s).  The more gaps, the more run fits which require more defenders to be sound in their assignment.

We have found there are countless benefits to spreading the defense out using an Empty backfield and 11 or 12 personnel Quads to a side. Quads, for the sake of this article, will be four receivers with a TE to one side of the formation. Some of the ways it's effective are:

  • By adding gaps in run games that they have to fit
  • Helping a sub-par OL in pass protection
  • Allowing great running QB to see a lighter box
  • Having the single receiver matched up with one man
  • Simplifying looks you will see to Standard Empty Formations
  • Makes OLB’s in odd defenses have to play either on the TE or in space, whichever WE CHOOSE
  • Allows QB to remove an OLB from the box, opening up QB draw possibilities
  • 12 personnel increases offenses ability to run at weaker OLB/Safety type


Our run game consists mostly of 1 back, zone and gap scheme, read runs with RPO’s attached. We can, and do, run any run scheme out of Quads and several passing concepts out of it. The first thing we will discuss is the top formations we run using one or two TE's from Empty as well as personnel adjustments or packages. Before we share some run-pass combinations (RPC) and run pass options (RPO) from our 11/12 Quads formation we must first define and /or review some terms.



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  • The QB run package the staff at St. Anthony complements with its Quads formation.
  • How using an in-line tight end from a Quads formation places stress on Odd fronts in the run game.
  • How using a 12 personnel Quads package forces Odd front defenses to balance up, allowing the offense to exploit their best matchup.
  • How using an unbalanced Quads formation package can exploit potential one on one matchups on the perimeter.
  • Plus, game film on all these concepts.


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11 and 12 personnel can give many defenses headaches, especially those that have an odd front structure. We have seen the shift toward odd defenses in the past couple of seasons that many college teams have seen as well. RPO’s and RPC’s provide the offense with more weapons in their arsenal. But in order to truly succeed in the Quads package out of empty the guy running the offense, the QB, must be dynamic. He has to have a high football IQ, be a great runner and has to be a competitor. If you have someone like that then game planning and play calling becomes a collaborative effort with that player. Quads empty gives the OC the ability to hand over the keys to the Quarterback while keeping simple reads and big plays.

To reiterate what we said in earlier paragraphs it is important to note that this package should only be used in addition to a sound offensive system with pre-established run schemes and passing concepts.



Meet the Coaches

Chris Taylor has over 25 years of coaching experience as a Head Coach, Offensive and Defensive Coordinator. He has successfully led previous programs to two county championships and a Long Island Championship. At his current position as Offensive Coordinator, he has helped win back to back regular season titles at St. Anthony’s HS while directing an offense that has produced over 7,500 yards and 87 touchdowns over those two seasons.

George Karafantis has been coaching football at the high school level for 15 years, coaching in eight championship games at three different schools. He has coached every position at the varsity level on both offenses, defense and special teams. Currently, he is a member of the defensive staff of 14x CHSFL Champion St. Anthony's High School in South Huntington, NY. He is currently a member of X&O Labs' Board of Advisors.





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