While some coaches have made the full transition to defending post-snap RPOs with man coverage, the defensive staff at Northern Colorado has bought into using bracket coverage structures to defend 10 and 11 personnel RPOs. In this exclusive clinic report, UNC safeties coach Woody Blevins details how he teaches his inside and outside bracket rules vs. 2x2 and 3x1 formations, and how he trains the eyes of conflict defenders to recognize run vs. pass. This coverage has yielded less than a 50 percent completion percentage and produced five takeaways. Read the report.
By Woody Blevins
University of Northern Colorado
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“If you know the enemy and know yourself you need not fear the result of a hundred battles. If you know yourself but not the enemy, for every victory gained you will also suffer a defeat. If you know neither the enemy nor yourself, you will succumb in every battle.” – Sun Tzu
Offenses are changing. They are changing and innovating faster than ever before. Defenses, on the other hand, lag behind. The rise in popularity and effectiveness of RPOs is due, in part, to a lack of knowledge on the defensive side of the ball. Most defensive coaches answer to RPOs is to run a version of cover 1 or cover 3, especially since RPOs were originally built to take advantage of 2-High coverages. But, if you work in a pass heavy conference (i.e. the Big Sky) like I do; living in some form of single high coverage is a recipe for disaster.
The purpose of this article is to give defensive coaches a sound, simple, and productive way to defend RPOs with a 2-High coverage. At the University of Northern Colorado, we call it Bracket.
A basic understanding of RPOs is essential to understanding the practicality of Bracket coverage. The reason RPOs are so successful against 2-High coverages (4, 2, and 6) is because they require a defender to be in “conflict.” I categorize a player to be in “conflict” when he has two jobs to do. For example, in cover 4 the Outside Linebacker is required to fit the B-Gap against the run, but also be the 2-relater/wall player against the pass.
Types Of RPOs
Pre-Snap: There are many good ways to put yourself in an advantageous position against Pre-Snap RPOs (mainly by alignment), but I will not have enough time to touch on these RPOs.
Post-Snap: We see two main types of Post-Snap RPOs: Perimeter and Box. Bracket is built to defend both Perimeter and Box RPOs.
Perimeter RPOs: Perimeter RPOs are, essentially, a version of the Triple Option. The offense reads a first level defender for the inside zone (dive) and a second level defender for the throw (pitch).
Box RPOs: Offenses read a defender who is responsible for a gap within the box. We also see 3rd Level RPOs in this family, but I won’t discuss them in an effort to keep this simple.
Now that we are all on the same page we can begin to discuss how to defend RPOs.
Bracket: Strengths And Weaknesses
Bracket coverage was initially built to stop the Read Zone Bubble (Perimeter RPO) run by spread offenses. The more we used Bracket the more we began to understand it and tweak it. Eventually, it became a large part of both our Box RPO defense and base defense as well. The key strengths of Bracket are as follows:
The key weaknesses of Bracket are as follows:
- The CB’s are always in man coverage.
- The OLB’s could end up in a man coverage situation.
- Even though it is man coverage, no one adds on. So it will remain a four-man rush throughout the duration of the play.
Bracket: The Basics
Before I begin to explain Bracket coverage, I want to make it clear that all diagrams will be drawn up out of an even front with an A-Gap pinch by the interior tackles. The sole purpose of the even front and pinch is to simplify the explanation of how the coverage fits against the run. Bracket can be run out of nearly any front.
We typically play Bracket out of a Nickel (5 DB’s) or Dime (6 DB’s) personnel. In Bracket coverage, the Outside Linebackers, Nickel/Sam (N) and Will/Dime (W), have the potential to be in a man coverage situation at all times. We always tried to put an athletic/DB type body at those two positions. It is not necessary to have the same personnel as we do. As I get farther into the explanation of Bracket, there will be situations where you can hide less athletic OLBs.
Continue to the full-length version of this report…
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- Responsibilities of the secondary in defending 2x2 sets which is predicated on which receiver is on the ball.
- The pre-snap keys and post-snap reads of the inside and outside bracket defender in 2x2 open and closed formations.
- The pre-snap keys and post-snap reads of the inside and outside bracket defender in 3x1 open and closed formations.
- How bracket is adjusted to defend “back to me,” “back away from me,” and Pistol alignments.
- How bracket coverage is adjusted to defend pure drop back pass scenarios
- Plus narrated and raw game film of these coverage concepts.
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The underlying strength of Bracket coverage is that it is sound regardless of what the offense decides to run. Basically, we are putting as many men into the run fit as possible while simultaneously putting two defenders on the offense’s most threatening route runners. Bracket isn’t perfect (there are many weaknesses, just like any other coverage), but in the days of multiple, RPO offense it proved to be the most productive and dependable call in our inventory. Hopefully, it will prove to be the same for you.
Meet Coach Woody Blevins: Coach Blevins played cornerback at Drake University and Colorado Mesa University. After his playing career, he began coaching as an undergraduate assistant and cornerbacks coach at Colorado Mesa in 2011. Coach Blevins joined the University of Northern Colorado’s staff as a volunteer/assistant DBs coach in 2012, was promoted to graduate assistant/assistant LBs in 2013, and was promoted to the full-time safeties coach in 2014. Coach Blevins stated his purpose in this profession is to teach, create, and risk take through my beliefs to make the world around me great. Please feel free to contact Coach Blevins with any and all questions you have.